The shock was centered in The Forest of Nisene Marks State Park approximately 10 mi (16 km) northeast of Santa Cruz on a section of the San Andreas Fault System and was named for the nearby Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains. On October 17, 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake hits the San Francisco Bay Area. San Francisco Earthquake, 1989: Death and Destruction (American Disasters) [Sherrow, Victoria] on Amazon.com. The strongest earthquake to hit the area since the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 , it caused 63 deaths, nearly 3,800 injuries, and an estimated $6 billion in property damage. Today, it would cost $38B On the 30th anniversary of the infamous World Series earthquake, RMS … Some 12,000 homes and 2,600 businesses were damaged. Following the August 8, 1989 shock, in anticipation of an upcoming large earthquake, staff at the University of California, Santa Cruz deployed four accelerometers in the area, which were positioned at the UCSC campus, two residences in Santa Cruz, and a home in Los Gatos. Michaels cracked, "Well, folks, that's the greatest open in the history of television, bar none!" Earthquake-Associated Deaths -- California . Oakland City Hall was evacuated after the earthquake until a US$80 million (equivalent to US$165 million today) seismic retrofit and hazard abatement work was completed in 1995. [37] There were structural failures of twin bridges across Struve Slough near Watsonville. The Loma Prieta segment of the San Andreas Fault System had been relatively inactive since the 1906 San Francisco earthquake (to the degree that it was designated a seismic gap) until two moderate foreshocks occurred in June 1988 and again in August 1989. [49], At the intersection of Beach and Divisadero Streets in San Francisco, a natural gas main rupture caused a major structure fire. [77] Large cracks in Oakland's runway and taxiway reduced the usable length to two-thirds normal, and damage to the dike required quick remediation to avoid flooding the runway with water from the bay. WORLD SERIES PUSHED BACK. De Loma Prieta-aardbeving van 1989 was een grote aardbeving die op 17 oktober 1989 om 17:04 lokale tijd plaatsvond in de San Francisco Bay Area, in de Amerikaanse staat Californië.Een beweging in de San Andreasbreuklijn zorgde ervoor dat de aarde er 10 à 15 seconden schudde. [57] A woman was found dead inside Ford's. Highway 17 was blocked for several weeks due to a large slide and one person was killed by a rockfall along the coast. The quake caused the Oakland side of the bridge to shift 7 in (18 cm) to the east, and caused the bolts of one section to shear off, sending the 250-short-ton (230 t; 500,000 lb; 226,800 kg) section of roadbed crashing down like a trapdoor. Take a look at ABC7's in-depth coverage of the Loma Prieta earthquake here . [35] Some 31 buildings were damaged enough to warrant demolition, seven of which had been listed in the Santa Cruz Historic Building Survey. [17], While the effects of a four-year drought limited the potential of landslides, the steep terrain near the epicenter was prone to movement, and up to 4,000 landslides may have occurred during the event. There were five reported deaths. In San Francisco proper, the statistics present a blunt description of the damage: 12 deaths. Because it happened during a national live broadcast of the 1989 World Series, taking place between Bay Area teams San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics, it is sometimes referred to as the "World Series earthquake". In addition, there were over 3,500 injuries and over 8,000 people became homeless. The advisories following the two Lake Elsman events were issued in part because of the statements made by WGCEP and because they were two of the three largest shocks to occur along the 1906 earthquake's rupture zone since 1914. With a M6.5 event on the San Juan Bautista segment, or an M7 event on the San Francisco Peninsula segment, United States Geological Survey (USGS) seismologist Allan Lindh's 1983 forecasted rupture length of 25 miles (40 km) (starting near Pajaro Gap, and continuing to the northwest) for the San Juan Bautista segment nearly matched the actual rupture length of the 1989 event. The driver, Anamafi Moala, died, and the passenger, her brother, was seriously injured. [62] Many residents slept outside their homes out of concern for further damage from aftershocks, of which there were 51 with magnitudes greater than 3.0 in the following 24 hours, and 16 more the second day. Ana Sonia Jimenez, 23, Daly City . [22], The Marina district was built on a landfill made of a mixture of sand, dirt, rubble, waste and other materials containing a high percentage of groundwater. Medium (2005), TV show on NBC in which a character uses her coincidental presence in Oakland during the earthquake as an opportunity to fake her own death and disappear. The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on California’s Central Coast on October 17 at 5:04 p.m. local time. That earthquake was the largest to occur in the San Francisco Bay area since 1906. The thirty year probability for one or more M7 earthquakes in the study area was given as 50%, but because of a lack of information and low confidence, a 30% probability was assigned to the Southern Santa Cruz Mountains segment. The baseball championship between the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics was suspended for 10 days, because both cities suffered significant damage. Local History. [58] The civilians who were helpful initially, were soon viewed by police and fire officials as a hindrance to operations, with frantic coworkers and friends of a coffee house employee thought to be trapped under the rubble continuing their efforts in the dark. Death, destruction, and havoc were again visited upon the San Francisco area in 1989. San Francisco earthquake of 1989, also called Loma Prieta earthquake, major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area, California, U.S., on October 17, 1989, and caused the San Francisco Chronicle online has death notices from November 2000 to present. [79] After 78 hours, 96 percent of Muni services were back in operation, including the cable cars. Killed in collapse of a brick wall: John J. Anderson, 29, Boulder Creek . [28] The measurement instrument was a single-axis search-coil magnetometer that was being used for low frequency research. 1989 Earthquake Photographs from Museum of the City of San Francisco; Photos from the Steinbrugge Collection at UC - Berkeley's NISEE. [43][44] KCBS-AM (CBS News Radio) switched immediately to backup power and managed to stay on air despite a subsequent generator failure. The added elements were longitudinal restraints at transverse expansion joints in the box girder spans, but no studies were made of possible failure modes specific to the Cypress Viaduct. [93], With anchorman Ted Koppel in position in Washington, D.C., ABC News began continuous coverage of the quake at 5:32 PM PDT, with Al Michaels, in the process, becoming a de facto on-site reporter for ABC. More listings of on-line obituary collections; San Francisco 1906 Earthquake Records. 1989: Earthquake hits San Francisco. Overall there were 63 deaths from this San Francisco earthquake. Damage was severe in San Francisco and in other towns situated near the San … The disaster’s occurrence during a major live television broadcast meant that news of the earthquake, as well as aerial views provided by the Goodyear blimp, reached a large audience. The strong motion records also allowed for the causative fault to be determined – the rupture was related to the San Andreas Fault System. Muni relied on diesel buses to continue abbreviated service until electric power was restored later that night, and electric units could be inspected and readied for service on the morning of October 18. San Francisco Earthquake History 1915–1989. Television viewers saw the video signal begin to break up, heard McCarver repeat a sentence as the shaking distracted him, and heard McCarver's colleague Al Michaels exclaim, "I'll tell you what, we're having an earth – . Photograph Collection: "Bay Area Quake – Landmarks Totter – Preservationists Fear Quake-Damaged Historic Buildings Will Be Torn Down", "The California Quake: The Bay Bridge; Damage to Link Across Bay Is More Serious Than Thought", "On the Cypress Freeway, Strangers Joined Together for a Snap in Time", "People Moving Gingerly As They Pick Up Pieces", "Man Who Lived 90 Hours In Quake Rubble Is Dead", "Mandela Parkway: Building Pride in West Oakland", "Search For Bodies to Take Days – State Puts Toll at 273, Then Says It Is Uncertain", "Municipal Railway Earthquake Notebook Tuesday, October 17, 1989, 5:04 PM", "Earthquake leaves behind urban travel nightmares", San Francisco-Oakland bay bridge opens to traffic after years of delays | World news, National Association of Railroad Passengers, "Bay Area / Revived push for water-transit network / Emergency system seen as necessary after a big quake", KTVU comes back on-air after 1989 earthquake, "The Bay Area Quake : Pressure Points : What Worked, What Didn't, What Didn't, And Why : Nimitz Freeway : Collapse of Deck Puts Spotlight on Aging Roads", "FULL EPISODE: Loma Prieta Earthquake, 30 Years Later", "Geologic and historical factors affecting earthquake damage", "Aftershocks of the Loma Prieta earthquake and their tectonic implications", State of California, Office of Planning and Research, "Observations of multiple liquefaction events at Soda Lake, California, during the earthquake and its aftershocks", "Reflections 20 Years Later in Loma Prieta – Whole Mountain Source Book", "October 17, 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake – United States Geological Survey", "The October 17, 1989, Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake – Selected Photograph – United States Geological Survey", "Loma Prieta Earthquake, October 17, 1989. The book talks about big and little earthquakes that happen in San Francisco. The San Francisco–Oakland earthquake of 1989, which was also called the Loma Prieta earthquake, was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989. [56], Immediately, a number of civilians began to free victims from the rubble of Ford's Department Store and the Santa Cruz Coffee Roasting Company – both buildings had collapsed inward on customers and employees alike. [57] Police arrested those who refused to stop searching. Game 3 of the series was scheduled to begin at San Francisco's Candlestick Park on October 17 at 5:35 PDT, and American TV network ABC began its pre-game show at 5:00 PDT. [50][51][52] The San Francisco Fire Department selected civilians to help run fire hoses from a distance because the nearby hydrant system failed. Derek Van-Alstyne, 22, Foster City . De aardbeving had een kracht van 6,9 op zowel de momentmagnitudeschaal als de schaal van Richter. But the quake on October 17, 1989, which measured 7.1 on the Richter scale, killed more than 60 people and caused severe damage to the Marina District and to some freeways and even more devastation to surrounding areas. Forty-two people were crushed to death in their cars. [42] About an hour later, NBC News also began continuous coverage with Tom Brokaw anchoring and featuring local coverage from its then-San Francisco affiliate, KRON-TV. Several long term forecasts for a large shock along the San Andreas Fault in that area had been made public prior to 1989 (the event and its aftershocks occurred within a recognized seismic gap) but the earthquake that transpired was not what had been anticipated. Roughly half of the land the Cypress Viaduct was built on was filled marshland, and half was somewhat more stable alluvium. The reason for the lower-than-expected death toll was put down to the fact that most people had left work early to watch the third of the World Series baseball games which was being shown on television. This event caused 63 deaths Private donations poured into aid relief efforts and on October 26, President George H. W. Bush signed a $1.1 billion ($2.3 billion today) earthquake relief package for California. San Francisco’s Marina district was particularly hard hit because it had been built on filled land (comprising loose, sandy soil), and the unreinforced masonry buildings in Santa Cruz (many of which were 50 to 100 years old) failed completely. Because the rupture took place bilaterally, the duration of strong shaking was about half of what it would have been had it ruptured in one direction only. More moderate damage resulted from the August 8, 1989, shock (intensity VII, Very strong) when chimneys were toppled in Cupertino, Los Gatos, and Redwood Estates. [26][27], After the earthquake occurred, a group led by Antony C. Fraser-Smith of Stanford University reported that the event was preceded by disturbances in background magnetic field noise as measured by a sensor placed in Corralitos, about 4.5 miles (7 km) from the epicenter. Photos from the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake that devastated the San Francisco bay region. Guardians of the City. [19] The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) turned people who were homeless prior to the earthquake away from homeless shelters and provided shelter for those with homes prior to the earthquake. [65] Traffic on both decks came to a halt, blocked by the section of roadbed. If traffic had been normal for a Tuesday rush hour, injuries and deaths would certainly have been higher. 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